For decades, there has been an ongoing debate among cultivators about the best weed farming practices. This was further fueled by the modernization of farming equipment and methods, making both indoor and outdoor cultivation viable options for cannabis growers.

With both methods being continuously compared by both casual cultivators and commercial agricultural authorities alike, identifying which way is better has become more challenging.

So today, we will provide you a quick overview of the advantages and disadvantages involved in both methods of cultivation.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Weed Farming: A Quick Overview

Placing them side by side, you’ll see just how apparent their differences are, particularly when it comes to the various aspects of weed farming.

For example, indoor farming experiences vastly different lighting conditions from outdoor farming, with the latter enjoying more natural light than the former. The costs involved also differ for each setting, with indoor cultivation often being more expensive.

This is because you’ll need more equipment for a controlled environment to ensure that everything is just right. The legalities for each state can also affect your choice of location when it comes to weed farming.

So, when it comes to the question “which farming practice is better,” the answer tends to be “it depends.” While the two methods are both excellent options for cannabis cultivators, selecting one method over the other primarily depends on the needs and preference of the cultivator.

To better understand why this is so, let’s check out the features of each farming method.

Growing Weed Indoors: Pros and Cons

Indoor cannabis production is often a lucrative option because it can be carried out in almost any climate. In addition, with indoor cultivation, you can have complete control over the growing conditions of your weed – from the environment to the number of hours for light exposure.

Another advantage of this is that there are fewer risks with indoor weed farming, particularly when it comes to pests. In addition, with the controlled indoor climate, you can reduce the chances of infestations, further guaranteeing better yields.

However, there are downsides to this method as well, particularly in terms of costs. As mentioned, indoor cultivation tends to be more expensive than outdoor farming, primarily because of the equipment needed to make it possible.

You often need to invest many of your resources to ensure that you have the necessary equipment to make indoor weed cultivation possible and a success. You need to be extra careful while selecting  seeds or strains you choose to grow.

You’ll also need to be meticulous when it comes to the different aspects of indoor farming, as one mistake can result in more problems with your entire setup. Indoor cultivation can also mean limited space, which can pose a problem for strains that have taller and larger yields.

Growing Weed Outdoors: Pros and Cons

On the other hand, outdoor marijuana cultivation can be advantageous if you’re looking to minimize your costs or have plenty of space to grow your preferred strains.

With outdoor cultivation, you can maximize the natural resources readily available, particularly when it comes to light. Outdoors, you can use the sun’s energy to enhance your yields further, and you no longer have to use indoor grow lights to achieve this feat.

Not only will this reduce your costs for equipment, but it will also significantly lower your energy bills. The wider space outdoors can also give you enough room to plant as much weed as you want, provided it’s legal to do so.

Outdoor cultivation also tends to be more eco-friendly than indoor methods, primarily because you don’t waste as many resources. Still, there are some downsides to this. For example, if you live in a more temperate climate, you’ll be dependent on the seasons to ensure optimal growing conditions.

There’s also the matter of pests that are often numerous outdoors, so you will need to invest in proper pest control methods.

Factors to Consider for Cannabis Farming

Ed Rosenthal, a known authority and pioneer for marijuana legalization and cannabis horticulture, states that there is no single definite approach when it comes to growing weed. 

With that, there are three main things to consider: Climate, Cost, and Quality.

  • Climate and Location

It’s a given that sunlight is needed for plants to thrive. However, the differences in the latitude and the altitude impact the number of daylight hours and the duration of the growing season. Additionally, one’s living environment plays a role. 

Rosenthal explained that if you live in a city or are concerned about your neighbors, staying indoors makes more sense. 

If you live in an area that is less conducive to the plants’ growth, it may require more equipment for the setup.

  • Cost

Cost is also another thing to consider, and this could include your assets and properties. If you already have the area for outdoor weed planting, chances are you wouldn’t have to spend a lot. 

This is compared to the elaborate setups involved in indoor planting. Moreover, there are many low-value lands you can purchase for this purpose. 

Then again, while outdoor planting comes with free soil and sunlight, this also exposes the weed to natural risks like aphid infestations. On the other hand, indoor planting costs more but can ultimately reduce the chances of experiencing a pest problem.

  • Quality

Another thing to consider is the quality of your produce. While outdoor farms are generally more sustainable, indoor farms provide better surveillance, especially if you prefer control over your variables. 

With monitored temperatures, lighting, humidity, and carbon dioxide levels, the weed tends to produce more flowers. The extract also has a higher THC content. 

Nevertheless, while indoor-grown weed looks better, many people claim that naturally-grown weed has a distinct, albeit superior, raw taste and effect.

When it comes to the question, which method is better, indoor or outdoor cultivation, there doesn’t seem to be a correct answer. It largely depends on your preference or what’s readily available for you. 

Still, both methods have their own advantages and disadvantages, so it will depend on what’s more suitable for your needs as a cannabis grower.