On June 20th, Canada’s largest licensed producer, Canopy Growth Corporation, released its financial results for the fourth quarter of 2019. Here are some quick highlights:
· Achieved annual net revenue growth of 191% to $226.3 million. Generated $140.5 million of gross revenue from new Canadian recreational channel and $78.9 million in global medical sales.
· Fourth quarter revenue growth of 13% versus third quarter with additional revenue being generated through value-added products, extraction services, and clinic partners.
· Shipped 24,300 kilograms and kilogram equivalents during the fiscal year, including 16,300 kilograms of dry flower and 8,000 kilogram equivalents of oil and softgels.
· Canadian cannabis harvested expected to increase to approximately 34,000 kilograms in Q1 fiscal 2020, with further licensed capacity still to come; additional capacity is expected to increase finished inventory available for sale beginning in Q2 fiscal 2020.
· Expansion in Smiths Falls bringing headquarters campus footprint to over 950,000 square feet of value-add production and logistics space.
· $5 billion investment secured from Constellation Brands being deployed to accelerate global expansion, including the acquisition of medical cannabis device manufacturer, Storz & Bickel. Subsequent to year end, the Company acquired Germany-based C³ Cannabinoid Compound Company, Europe’s largest cannabinoid-based pharmaceutical company and UK-based beauty and wellness brand, This Works Products Limited.
· Rapid expansion into United States CBD market following passage of new Farm Bill; investments and partnerships related to extraction, advanced manufacturing, and warehousing/logistics are underway. Seeking to bring CBD products to market by the end of fiscal 2020.
· Further solidified United States strategy with shareholder approval of plan to acquire leading multi-state operator Acreage Holdings, Inc. (“Acreage”) a deal which gives the Company a path to serve recreational and medical markets upon federal permissibility, and licensing structure to provide Acreage with brand and product IP to accelerate their United States market expansion.
· International licences covering over 35 million square feet of production now in place across Africa, Europe, and Latin America, with new certifications, sales and global partnerships established to accelerate sales of medical and CBD products internationally (See Linked Monday Press Release).
· At March 31, 2019, the Company’s cash, cash equivalents available, and marketable securities totaled $4.5 billion.
SMITHS FALLS, ON /CNW/ – Canopy Growth Corporation (“Canopy Growth” or the “Company”) (TSX: WEED) (NYSE: CGC) today announced its financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended March 31, 2019.
The audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the twelve months ended March 31, 2019 will be filed on SEDAR after financial markets close on Friday, June 21, 2019 and will be available at www.sedar.com.
All financial information in this press release is reported in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise indicated. This press release is intended to be read in conjunction with the Company’s Financial Statements and Management Discussion & Analysis, which will be available atwww.canopygrowth.com and filed on SEDAR.
Fiscal year 2019 was a year of continued expansion across key markets, including major steps towards completion of the Company’s build-out in Canada. Management believes that the strategy of investing early in large-scale, high quality Canadian production assets and significant value-add infrastructure has been validated during the second half of fiscal 2019 as the majority of the Company’s production platform became licensed and operational, with further improvements in output expected as full ramp-up of facilities is completed. In the current quarter, Canopy Growth expects to harvest approximately 34,000 kilograms, with further licensed capacity, ramp-up and efficiencies anticipated. The Company’s strategy has resulted in, to its knowledge, the largest market share in the Canadian cannabis market.
“The fourth quarter wraps up a historic year with major steps taken in Canada to build-out our national platform while scaling all of our processes to bring cannabis to market. The third quarter of the year benefitted from months of advanced production while the fourth quarter relied more on efficient throughput and a more automated platform,” said Bruce Linton, Chairman and Co-CEO of Canopy Growth. “With more product formats coming to the Canadian market later in the year, we are working hard to ensure that we are ready to hit the ground running with products, formats and brands that Canadians trust.”
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2019 Operational and Financial Summary
Net revenue (millions)
Kilograms and kilogram equivalents sold
Average Selling Price per gram – Recreational
Average Selling Price per gram – Canadian Medical
Average Selling Price per gram – International Medical
Average Selling Price per gram
Inventory & Biological Assets (millions)
Kilograms harvested (kilograms)
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities (millions)
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2019 Revenue Highlights
Canadian Recreational Cannabis Gross Revenue – Business to Business
Canadian Recreational Cannabis Gross Revenue – Business to Consumer
Canadian Recreational Cannabis Revenue – Subtotal
Canadian Medical Cannabis Gross Revenue
International Medical Cannabis Gross Revenue
Medical Revenue – Subtotal
Total Gross Revenue
Less Excise Taxes
NM = Not Meaningful
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2019 Product Sales Highlights
Product Sales (Kilograms & kilogram equivalents)
Canadian Recreational Cannabis – Business to Business
Canadian Recreational Cannabis – Business to Consumer
Canadian Medical Cannabis
International Medical Cannabis
NM = Not Meaningful
Recreational Sales Overview
Gross recreational revenue in fiscal 2019 was $140.5 million, and accounted for 16,250 kilogram and kilogram equivalents, or 67% of total cannabis sold in fiscal 2019. Q4 to Q3, gross recreational sales were largely similar with $68.9 million in gross recreational sales in Q4, down from $71.6 million in gross recreational sales in Q3. As increased brick and mortar stores come online in key provinces of Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia, the Company will use its increased capacity to meet demand. Through the Company’s investments in capacity and automation across many of our processes, we approximately doubled our harvest size from Q3 fiscal 2019 to Q4 fiscal 2019, and expect to do so again from Q4 fiscal 2019 to Q1 fiscal 2020, positioning us to ensure Canadian adult consumers have access to our trusted brand portfolio.
Fiscal 2019 also welcomed our retail strategy, which included securing licenses, rights to license, or permits to operate cannabis retail stores in four provinces – including multi-year licensing agreements in Ontario to enable our partners to open additional retail stores. To date, we have launched (directly or indirectly through licensing agreements) 23 cannabis retail stores in Newfoundland & Labrador, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Ontario under the Tweed and Tokyo Smoke banners.
Medical Sales Overview
Total revenue generated from medical cannabis in fiscal 2019 was $78.9 million, representing an increase of 6% over fiscal 2018. Medical cannabis shipments were 8,070 kilogram and kilogram equivalents in fiscal 2019, representing a decrease of 7%.
Canadian medical sales generated revenue of $68.8 million in fiscal 2019 as compared to $70.6 million in fiscal 2018.
The Company’s Canadian online medical store saw a period of major transformation during the fiscal year, with established brands Tweed, DNA Genetics, LBS and certain CraftGrow partners largely transitioning to the recreational channel. This product transition, along with product supply challenges which have since been remedied, led to a decline in the medical channel in the second half of fiscal 2019, with Canadian medical revenue decreasing from $19.5 million in Q4 fiscal 2018 to $11.6 million in Q4 fiscal 2019. Following the re-brand of Spectrum Cannabis, Canopy Health Innovations and C3into a singular medically-focused division Spectrum Therapeutics, along with increasing finished goods inventory levels, and corresponding price adjustments of select products, the Company believes that Canadian medical sales under the Spectrum Therapeutics brand will be able to return to previous levels of market-leading customer registrations and sales.
International medical sales generated revenue of $10.1 million in fiscal 2019, 173% growth over the previous fiscal year, driven by German market growth, as well as entry into the Polish and Czech markets. The Company believes that European sales have been negatively impacted by supply challenges from Canada, caused by a focus on serving Canadian patients first, as well as the lengthy export process in Canada. The Company believes there is significant upside potential in Europe, and with its Canadian medical channel fully supplied and Danish production coming online within the calendar year, believes it will see significant increases in Canadian and Danish product availability in this market. The Company has also begun sales in new markets, including Australia.
The Company remains committed to investing in significant clinical research, as well as leading programs to educate healthcare practitioners on the potential benefits of medicinal cannabis in Canada and abroad. This outreach will continue increasing Spectrum Therapeutics brand visibility and is estimated to result in increased patients, both within Canada and internationally as new markets come online.
Other Strategic Revenue
To begin diversifying the Company’s business into higher margin cannabis products and to complement intellectual property (“IP”) being developed internally for the expected high growth vape category, Canopy Growth acquired medical devices company Storz & Bickel in Q3. Sales of Storz & Bickel vaporizer devices, along with revenue from other strategic sources including extraction services, and clinic partners, resulted in $34 million in other revenue generated in fiscal 2019.
As Storz & Bickel continues to become further and fully integrated within the Canopy Growth ecosystem, the Company anticipates that sales and revenue generated will continue to increase as we expand product availability within our internal and partnered sales channels. Additionally, through this acquisition, the Company gained invaluable access to Storz & Bickel’s IP portfolio which has greatly benefited our innovation teams as we look forward to unveiling our own branded vape technology in fiscal 2020.
Gross Margin (before the IFRS fair value impacts in cost of sales)1 Overview
Gross margin (before the IFRS fair value impacts in cost of sales) for fiscal 2019 grew 35% to $51 million, driven by growth in our medical channel and the launch of the Canadian recreational channel. The gross margin percentage decreased during the year from 48% to 22%, largely driven by the continued expansion work on several of our large-scale greenhouse facilities throughout the year, resulting in under-utilization impact in cost of sales. The impacts of under-utilization continued into Q4, resulting in a gross margin percentage of 16%, which is down from 34% in the corresponding period from the prior year, and 22% in Q3. The impact in Q4 fiscal was primarily attributed to $24 million of operating expenses for facilities not yet cultivating, cultivating but not yet harvesting, or facilities that had under-utilized capacity. Additionally, Q4 incurred some non-recurring costs related to an unusual weather event and other one-time activities. We expect these facilities to be fully operational in the months ahead, resulting in a return to normalized operating costs for our cultivation facilities.
As production ramp-up begins for the next generation of recreational products, there will be costs related to the ramp-up of advanced manufacturing that will impact reported gross margin during the initial start-up phase, but management expects the impact to be less material relative to the size and scale of the revenue related to the new generation of products.
Inventory production costs expensed to cost of sales in fiscal 2019 were $175.4 million, as compared to $40.2 million in fiscal 2018. The impact of changes in the fair value of biological assets in fiscal 2019 was due in large part to the commencement of growing at the Company’s facility in Mirabel, Quebec increased utilization at our facilities in Aldergrove and Delta, British Columbia, and 27 new grow rooms at the facility in Smiths Falls, Ontario.
Operating Expense Summary
Sales and Marketing Expenses
General and Administration Expenses
Research and Development Expenses
Share-based Compensation Expenses
Depreciation and Amortization Expenses
Canopy Growth continues to make significant investments to scale our business in Canada and globally, including investments building our corporate capabilities, developing our production infrastructure, investing in the marketing and development of new value-added consumer products for the Canadian recreational cannabis market as well as the global CBD market. Work is underway to bring these new consumer products to these markets towards the end of fiscal 2020. Additionally, the Company continues to invest in the development and expansion of medical cannabis operations in jurisdictions outside of Canada including Colombia, Spain, Germany, Denmark, Lesotho, South Africa and Australia. In addition, we are investing in the research and development of cannabis-based medical therapies, including in required clinical trials, in advance of potential future commercialization. We believe it is necessary to make these investments, many of them made pre-revenue, to position the company for long-term success.
Sales and marketing increased from $38.2 million in fiscal 2018 to $154.4 million in fiscal 2019, reflecting investments in brand-building, consumer marketing, and promotional campaigns focused on our Tweed, Tokyo Smoke, Spectrum Therapeutics, active partner brands, as well as the development of cannabis and CBD consumer products and brands expected to be launched towards the end of fiscal 2020. In addition, staffing costs increased in marketing and sales functions, our customer care centre, cannabis retail and education programs, and our medical outreach program.
General and administrative expenses in fiscal 2019 were $168.5 million, reflecting our ongoing investments in building commercial capacity, governance and public company compliance costs associated with TSX and NYSE listings, legal and professional services in expanding operations, enhancing our information technology capabilities, scaling efforts ahead of market expansion, compliance costs associated with meeting Health Canada regulatory requirements, and employee compensation costs associated with the above.
Research and development expenses incurred in fiscal 2019 were $15.2 million. This is primarily attributable to our R&D team conducting research into a variety of innovation and intellectual property opportunities, as we prepare for new format introductions in fiscal 2020.
Acquisition-related expenses were $23.4 million in fiscal 2019, with Canopy Growth closing on several transactions in the year including the acquisition of HIKU Brands Company Ltd., ebbu, Inc., Storz & Bickel GmbH & Co. KG, and Canopy Health Innovations Inc. Acquisitions announced subsequent to fiscal 2019 – including This Works Products Limited, Canamo y Fibras Naturales, S.L. (“Cafina”), and the future acquisition of Acreage – incurred related expenses throughout fiscal 2019 as well.
Share-based compensation, a non-cash expense, was $182.8 million in fiscal 2019, up from $29.6 million in fiscal 2018 with $74.7 million accounted for in Q4, representing an increase from $11.9 million in Q4 fiscal 2018. The increase is primarily due to increased number of employees granted stock options as headcount increased to 3,200 employees from 1,000 year-over-year and accounting for the increase in fair value of stock options granted considering the 80% increase in the Company’s share price that occurred over fiscal 2019.
Balance Sheet Highlights
At March 31, 2019, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents available and marketable securities totaled $4.5 billion, representing an increase of $4.2 billion from March 31, 2018. The increase is principally due to the investment of approximately $5 billion dollars by Constellation Brands, Inc. (“Constellation Brands”) on November 1, 2018 and the issuance of convertible senior notes with an aggregate principal amount of $600 million. This increase was partially offset by $644 million invested in the expansion of our cannabis production, distribution, and physical retail store assets, $380 million invested in the acquisition of subsidiaries, and investments made in operations including those related to strengthening corporate capabilities, developing and executing recreational cannabis brand-related campaigns, developing and preparing to launch value-added cannabis products in fiscal 2020 and conducting research and development into cannabis-based medical therapies.
Inventory at March 31, 2019 amounted to $262.1 million (March 31, 2018 – $101.6 million), including $38 million in finished goods and $165.5 million of work-in-progress. In addition, biological assets amounted to $79 million, which together with inventory totaled $341.1 million. The Company has scaled production and increased automation capacity and expects to achieve a Q1 fiscal 2020 harvest of approximately 34,000 kilograms which is expected to be available for sale in all channels starting in Q2 fiscal 2020.
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2019 Adjusted EBITDA summary2
Adjusted EBITDA amounted to a loss of $257.0 million in fiscal 2019, as compared to a loss of $36.1 million in fiscal 2018. The year-over-year loss is largely reflective of the investments made in fiscal 2019 sales and marketing, and general and administration costs as described above.
Depreciation and amortization, a non-cash expense, increased $4.9 million from Q3 fiscal 2019, due to the depreciation expense recorded on assets put into operation during Q4 fiscal 2019. These assets largely related to production and warehouse equipment.
Other expense, net, increased $368.3 million from Q3 2019, primarily related to non-cash fair value changes on our senior convertible notes which have been recorded through the statement of operations. These fair value changes are due to the increase in Canopy Growth’s stock price from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019.
Events Subsequent to Fiscal Year 2019
· In April, Canopy Growth and Acreage announced that they entered into an agreement granting Canopy Growth the right to acquire 100% of Acreage’s shares, once the production and sale of cannabis becomes federally permissible in the United States. On June 19, Acreage and Canopy Growth shareholders voted to approve the agreement. Initial implementation of the transaction is subject to approval by the Supreme Court of British Columbia and satisfaction of certain other closing conditions. Canopy Growth and Acreage expect the transaction to be implemented on or about June 27, 2019. Upon approval of certain modifications to the investor rights agreement with Constellation Brands, as well as terms of existing warrants, Canopy Growth will record a material, non-cash charge during the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. We expect this non-cash charge to have a materially negative impact on net income in the first quarter of fiscal 2020.
The audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the twelve months ended March 31, 2019 will be filed on SEDAR after financial markets close on Friday, June 21, 2019, and will be available atwww.sedar.com. The basis of financial reporting in the Audited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis is in thousands of Canadian dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
Note 1: Gross margin (before the IFRS fair value impacts in cost of sales) is a key operational metric that does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. This measure is calculated as net revenue less inventory production costs expensed to cost of sales and may be computed from the consolidated statements of operations presented within this news release.
Note 2: Adjusted EBITDA is a non-IFRS financial measure that does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation is presented within this news release and explained in Management’s Discussion & Analysis under “Adjusted EBITDA (Non-IFRS Measure)”, a copy of which will be filed on SEDAR after financial markets close on Friday, June 21, 2019.
Canopy Growth (TSX:WEED, NYSE:CGC) is a world-leading diversified cannabis, hemp and cannabis device company, offering distinct brands and curated cannabis varieties in dried, oil and Softgel capsule forms, as well as medical devices through the Company’s subsidiary, Storz & Bickel GMbH & Co. KG. From product and process innovation to market execution, Canopy Growth is driven by a passion for leadership and a commitment to building a world-class cannabis company one product, site and country at a time. The Company has operations in over a dozen countries across five continents.
The Company’s medical division, Spectrum Therapeutics is proudly dedicated to educating healthcare practitioners, conducting robust clinical research, and furthering the public’s understanding of cannabis, and has devoted millions of dollars toward cutting edge, commercializable research and IP development. Spectrum Therapeutics sells a range of full-spectrum products using its colour-coded classification Spectrum system as well as single cannabinoid Dronabinol under the brand Bionorica Ethics.
The Company operates retail stores across Canada under its award-winning Tweed and Tokyo Smoke banners. Tweed is a globally recognized cannabis brand which has built a large and loyal following by focusing on quality products and meaningful customer relationships.
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
Net cash inflow
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
Adjusted EBITDA1 Non-IFRS Measure
Three months ended
March 31, 2019
March 31, 2018
March 31, 2019
March 31, 2018
Adjusted EBITDA1 Reconciliation
Loss from operations – as reported
IFRS fair value accounting related to biological assets and inventory
Fair value changes in biological assets included in inventory sold and other charges
Unrealized gain on changes in fair value of biological assets
Share-based compensation expense (per statement of cash flows)
Depreciation and amortization (per statement of cash flows)
1Adjusted EBITDA is earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation expense, fair value changes and other non-cash items, and further adjusted to remove acquisition-related costs.